A neurologist is a physician with extensive specialized training in the diagnosis, management, and treatment of disorders of the brain, spinal cord, muscles and peripheral nerves. The following are examples of neurological disorders:
- Alzheimer’s disease
- Multiple sclerosis
- Peripheral nerves disorders
- Parkinson’s disease
Generally, a neurologist acts as a consultant to diagnose and treat neurological conditions, and advises the primary treating physician of the patient’s progress. In order to make a proper diagnosis, the neurologist obtains a detailed medical history, and conducts a neurological examination. Additional tests may be indicated such as NCS/EMG (nerve study), EEG (brain wave test), or Imaging studies (MRI or CAT scan).
The vast majority of neurological conditions can be effectively treated with medications or other non-surgical means. However, in the event surgical treatment is indicated, the patient is referred to a neurosurgeon or other appropriate surgical specialist.